28 March, 2019

We sent two messengers but they rejected both. Then we reinforced them with a third. They said, ‘Truly, we are messengers to you,’ but they answered, ‘You are only men like ourselves. The Lord of Mercy has sent nothing; you are just lying.’ They said, ‘Our Lord knows that we have been sent to you. Our duty is only to deliver the message to you.’

~ Qur’an 36.14-17 ~

In today’s readings (Jeremiah 7:23-28 and Luke 11:14-23), and echoed in this passage from the Qur’an, we see how the message of prophets gets rejected by those who refuse to listen. Jesus’ warning of a kingdom divided against itself is a particularly strong call to us in South Africa to consider our ‘state of the nation’, and the degree to which these divisions can be overcome.

When Nelson Mandela became president in 1994, the emphasis was on reconciliation. His presidency was marked by an attempt to construct a new South African identity. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission was one tool to achieve this. In their own way, Affirmative Action and Black Economic Empowerment programmes were also an attempt to achieve economic reconciliation, to narrow the gap between the rich (who were overwhelmingly white in 1994) and the poor (overwhelmingly black).

A new black middle class has grown dramatically – from 341 000 in 1993 to over 3 million in 2012 and to nearly 6 million in 2017. If we consider this number in terms of the black population of South Africa as a whole, we see a rise from 1% (1993) to 7% (2012) and 14% (2017). This is a considerable jump – but nowhere near what we need if we are to move into a more equal society.

Consider the unemployment statistics for the fourth quarter of 2018: 27.1% (the official statistic) to 37% (adjusted to include those who have given up trying to find a job). Add to this the fact that South African literacy and numeracy is extremely poor (and grade inflation does not help this), and we can see that many of the unemployed are probably unemployable. We have among us another lost generation who will eke out an existence on welfare and maintain the growing gap between richest and poorest in South Africa.

Furthermore, political actions focusing on equalization through more taxes or simplistic redistribution of wealth, including land, is plainly economically unrealistic and counterproductive. It may appeal to the anger of the socially disenfranchised, may even be a vote-grabber, but its implementation would set the country on a downward spiral to a failed state. No one in their right minds will keep their assets in South Africa; nor will anyone invest.

Of course if you say this out loud, you are unpatriotic, and undermining national reconciliation. Shame on you! (Did someone just mention a prophet’s reward?) But sometimes we have to be harsh out of love, so that we do not create a false reconciliation, a short term ‘feel good’ response or immediate gratification at the cost of greater long term harm.


Lord, grant me the grace of solidarity with the poor. Help me to discern in what ways I can actively work to narrow the gap between the rich and the poor in our land that all may have enough to live with dignity. Amen.


Catholic Parliamentary

Liaison Office

Jesuit Institute
South Africa

Reflection prepared by and

Fr Anthony Egan SJ

Fr Anthony Egan SJ (born Cape Town 1966; entered the Jesuits 1990; ordained 2002) has taught, full-time or part-time, at St Augustine College of South Africa, St John Vianney Seminary, Fordham University (on sabbatical) and the University of the Witwatersrand. The author/co-author of a number of books, book chapters, academic and popular articles, he is a correspondent for America magazine, a contributor to Worldwide and writes for spotlight.africa. He is also a commentator on local and international radio and television. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Helen Suzman Foundation. Extramural interests include Science Fiction, Theatre, Art and creative writing, including poetry.

See more from Anthony Egan SJ
Fr Matthew Charlesworth SJ

Fr Matthew Charlesworth SJ entered the Society of Jesus in 2005 and underwent the usual course of studies in his formation, which took him to such varied places as Canada, France, Ireland, Kenya, Spain, Tanzania, the United Kingdom, the United States, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. Whilst working at the Institute, Matthew managed the background technical aspects of much of the Institute's work and was involved in the Spirituality work, completing the Advanced Spiritual Directors Training Course and the Spiritual Exercises Training run by the Institute. He is a member of Spiritual Directors International and was also a part-time lecturer in Sacred Scripture at St Augustine College of South Africa. He is currently the Director of Communications for the Jesuits in Southern Africa, based in Lusaka, Zambia.

m.charlesworth@jesuitinstitute.org.za @mcharlesworth
See more from Matthew Charlesworth SJ

Click to subscribe to: