“Adam and his wife were both naked, and they felt no shame.”

Genesis 2:25

Thursday, 11 February 2021

Genesis 2:25

If I were to situate ‘Adam’ and ‘Eve’ in the long history of evolution, I would place them among hominid species that have yet to attain rational thought. But this line of thinking is unhelpful since it blurs their role as symbols in a myth of origins with the debate about their ‘factual’ existence.

Once again, I think we need to read this text symbolically. The nakedness described here refers primarily to the state of innocence everyone has before the attainment of wisdom. Sexuality in the narrative is undoubtedly present – the language of wife and help-mate and the unhidden excitement Adam expresses for Eve makes that desire all too clear. But it is a desire that is non-rationalised, untheorised, and dare I say natural – a mix of biology and raw emotion.

So what does nakedness actually mean here? It is a kind of vulnerability of pure simplicity, the naivety of persons who have yet to bump into the harshness of real life and the complexity of a world where good and evil coexist – and each person must develop a certain mental acuity (or wisdom) to negotiate their way to survive.

The idea of shame is contingent upon:
(a) a sense of being part of a social group.
(b) the capacity to negotiate certain social ideas of what is good or bad.
(c)the capacity to imagine (and care about) oneself living discontinuously with social norms.

This raises the question: is this state of primal innocence possible, or even desirable? It may be possible, though probably unlikely, so long as you chose to switch yourself off completely from the world, almost a wilful embrace of ignorance. This is, I believe, undesirable: it seems to diminish what is distinctive about being human.

Loving God,

Free us from the false nostalgia for ignorance, May we be open to the maturity that comes with wisdom, As well as the responsibility that this entails.


Fr Anthony Egan SJ

Fr Anthony Egan SJ (born Cape Town 1966; entered the Jesuits 1990; ordained 2002) has taught, full-time or part-time, at St Augustine College of South Africa, St John Vianney Seminary, Fordham University (on sabbatical) and the University of the Witwatersrand. The author/co-author of a number of books, book chapters, academic and popular articles, he is a correspondent for America magazine, a contributor to Worldwide and writes for spotlight.africa. He is also a commentator on local and international radio and television. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Helen Suzman Foundation. Extramural interests include Science Fiction, Theatre, Art and creative writing, including poetry.

See more from Anthony Egan SJ
No Comments

Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time.

Click to subscribe to: