Those of us with a passion for order, for closure, should be disturbed by this Resurrection Gospel. Because we read them in the light of Church history and Christian tradition we often overlook the fact that the gospels, read more closely, offer little if any ‘closure’. They end with the Resurrection experiences of the disciples – a mixture of rumours and isolated experiences. That this still led to the Christian faith might even be said to be a ‘proof’ (for those who seek it) of the Resurrection itself.

In the end, it is about faith. It was faith that led the disciples to be convinced that they were not individually or collectively hallucinating. It was faith that the one they called Lord was truly among them that led them to proclaim his message and his presence to an ever-widening circle of people, that in time would encompass the world. It was faith that sustained them through misunderstandings, internal disagreements, hostility and persecution from authorities. It was faith that continues to sustain us to make the values of the Kingdom part of our world.

It is also faith that sustained South Africans in their struggle to build a free, more just society out of the un-free and unjust country that we were. Just as in the Church, so in South Africa, we had thousands who suffered and died for freedom. Democracy had its martyrs, witnesses and prophets. Jesus proclaimed the kingdom of God and we ended up with the Church; South Africans strove for freedom and we ended up with our present, often imperfect democracy. Like the Church, South African democracy is an open-ended project.

1994 was for South Africa a kind of resurrection. Out of the suffering and death of the past, new life was born. We see in it the presence of a God who accompanied us every step of the way to freedom, we can talk of a ‘kind of’ resurrection. But just as the Resurrection itself was not an end but a beginning, we can also see in it an incomplete project, a project that we must participate in as witnesses and prophets. History did not end in 1994. Like the reign of God, it is not something we complete in our lifetime.

Just as we await and work with God for the Kingdom of God, so we must continue to build democracy in South Africa. South Africa remains profoundly unequal – some say that racial Apartheid has been replaced by class Apartheid, an increasingly non-racial separation of rich and poor. Crime and violence continues in a variety of forms, physical and psychological: violence against women, children and migrants; the violence of socio-economic inequality; the violence of corruption and the mentality of entitlement; and the violence of human potential unfulfilled.

One of the small things we can do to engage with the challenges of our society today is: Vote. Elections are a means by which we choose leaders who serve us and work with us to make changes for the better. We may have different views about what changes are needed and who should make them. That’s why there are a variety of parties contesting the election. We are different. Different is good. That’s what democracy is about.

Fr Anthony Egan SJ

Fr Anthony Egan SJ (born Cape Town 1966; entered the Jesuits 1990; ordained 2002) has taught, full-time or part-time, at St Augustine College of South Africa, St John Vianney Seminary, Fordham University (on sabbatical) and the University of the Witwatersrand. The author/co-author of a number of books, book chapters, academic and popular articles, he is a correspondent for America magazine, a contributor to Worldwide and writes for He is also a commentator on local and international radio and television. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Helen Suzman Foundation. Extramural interests include Science Fiction, Theatre, Art and creative writing, including poetry.
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